Coptic


Coptic
   The final phase of the Egyptian language and writing in which Greek script, with the addition of six new letters, was used to write ancient Egyptian. It is believed that the script was developed by Christians to spread their faith to the Egyptian populace. The script was used to translate Christian religious works, including the Bible, but also ordinary correspondence, business and legal texts, and funerary and other inscriptions in stone. Following the Arabic conquest in 642 AD, Coptic was gradually superseded by Arabic and fell out of use by the 16th century, with the exception of certain religious phrases no longer understood by the priests or general population. European scholars learned the language from exported Biblical and other religious manuscripts but were unaware that it was ancient Egyptian until the decipherment of the hieroglyphic script. Knowledge of Coptic greatly aided in the decoding and understanding of ancient Egyptian.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • Coptic TV — Type Television Country …   Wikipedia

  • Coptic — may refer to: The Copts: were a major ethnic group in Egypt. This term described all the people living in Egypt under Roman rule during the 4th to 6th centuries A.D., and until the Muslims took over. The Coptic language, the final stage of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Coptic — [käp′tik] n. [ModL Coptus, earlier Cophtus < Ar Quft, Qift, the Copts < Coptic Gyptios < Gr Aigyptios, Egyptian] the Afroasiatic language of the Copts, derived from ancient Egyptian and attested from the 3d cent. A.D.: now used only in… …   English World dictionary

  • Coptic — ► NOUN ▪ the language of the Copts, which survives only in the Coptic Church. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the Copts or their language …   English terms dictionary

  • Coptic — Cop tic (k[o^]p t[i^]k), a. [Abbrev. from L. Aegyptius an Egyptian, Gr. ?, Ar. kibt[=i], pl. kibt.] Of or pertaining to the Copts. n. The language of the Copts. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coptic — /kop tik/, n. 1. an Afroasiatic language of Egypt descended from ancient Egyptian, largely extinct as a spoken language since the 16th century but surviving as the liturgical language of the Coptic Church. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Coptic or… …   Universalium

  • Coptic — 1. adjective Of or pertaining to the Copts, or to the Coptic language. 2. noun The Coptic language of Egypt …   Wiktionary

  • Coptic — The language of ancient Egypt, into which some Greek words had been introduced; it was spoken in four dialects from the 3rd to the 10th cents.CE. The NT was translated into each of the four. A number of Gnostic [[➝ Gnosticism]] works in Coptic… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Coptic —    The term can refer to the language of the Copts (q.v.) as well as the script in which it is written. Coptic originated in the first century A.D., using the Greek alphabet supplemented by seven signs from the demotic. Today Coptic is used only… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Coptic — [[t]kɒ̱ptɪk[/t]] ADJ: ADJ n Coptic means belonging or relating to a part of the Christian Church which was started in Egypt. The Coptic Church is among the oldest churches of Christianity …   English dictionary